Published

2019-01-01

Global warming is reducing the tillering capacity and grain yield of wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico

El calentamiento está reduciendo la capacidad de macollamiento y el rendimiento de grano en trigo en el Valle del Yaqui, México

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15446/agron.colomb.v37n1.75736

Keywords:

climate change, gibberellic acid, abscisic acid (en)
cambio climático, ácido giberélico, ácido abscisico (es)

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Authors

  • Denisse Morales-Coronado Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora
  • Leandris Argentel-Martínez Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora
  • Luciano Castro-Espinoza Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora
  • Marco Gutiérrez-Coronado Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora
  • Juan Garibaldi-Chávez Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora
  • José Ortiz-Enríquez Campo Experimental Norman Borlaug

The effect of temperature variations recorded in eight meteorological stations in Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico, on the tillering capacity and grain yield of wheat variety CIRNO C2008 in the growing cycles December 2016-May 2017 and December 2017-May 2018 was studied. In one of the sites, the crop canopy temperature was increased by +2°C with a T-FACE system (warming) based on the temperature recorded in the nearest meteorological station. With the two experimental variants, the abscisic (ABA) and gibberellic (GA) acid hormones were determined during tillering (initial tillering: 30 d after emergence and final tillering: 45 d after emergence) to explain their contribution to the tillering capacity response. A temperature variability of 1°C was observed in the cycle December 2017- May 2018, as compared to the previous cycle and between the evaluated sites. As a result of the temperature increase effect, the tiller number was significantly reduced. The experimental warming caused a highly significant decrease in the ABA content and an increase in the GA. The temperature variation found in Yaqui Valley had a negative and significant correlation with the grain yield in both experiment crop cycles, which demonstrated that global warming is reducing the tillering capacity and grain yield of wheat in Yaqui Valley.

Se estudió el efecto de las variaciones de temperatura registradas en ocho estaciones meteorológicas del Valle del Yaqui, Sonora, México, en la capacidad de macollamiento y el rendimiento de grano de la variedad de trigo CIRNO C2008, en dos ciclos de cultivo. En uno de los sitios, la temperatura del dosel del cultivo se incrementó en 2°C por medio de un sistema T-FACE (calentamiento) usando como control la temperatura registrada en la estación meteorológica más cercana. En estos dos tratamientos, se determinaron las hormonas ABA y GA al inicio y final del macollamiento para explicar su contribución a la capacidad de macollamiento. Como resultado, se encontró una variabilidad de temperatura de 1°C en el ciclo de diciembre de 2017 a mayo de 2018 con respecto al anterior y también entre los sitios evaluados. Por efecto del aumento de la temperatura disminuyó el número de hijos. El contenido de ABA disminuyó por efecto del calor mientras que el de GA aumentó. La variación de temperatura encontrada en el Valle del Yaqui correlacionó negativamente con el rendimiento de grano en ambos ciclos de cultivos, demostrando que el calentamiento está reduciendo la capacidad de macollamiento y el rendimiento del grano de trigo en el Valle del Yaqui.

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How to Cite

APA

Morales-Coronado, D., Argentel-Martínez, L., Castro-Espinoza, L., Gutiérrez-Coronado, M., Garibaldi-Chávez, J., & Ortiz-Enríquez, J. (2019). Global warming is reducing the tillering capacity and grain yield of wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico. Agronomía Colombiana, 37(1), 90–96. https://doi.org/10.15446/agron.colomb.v37n1.75736

ACM

[1]
Morales-Coronado, D., Argentel-Martínez, L., Castro-Espinoza, L., Gutiérrez-Coronado, M., Garibaldi-Chávez, J. and Ortiz-Enríquez, J. 2019. Global warming is reducing the tillering capacity and grain yield of wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico. Agronomía Colombiana. 37, 1 (Jan. 2019), 90–96. DOI:https://doi.org/10.15446/agron.colomb.v37n1.75736.

ACS

(1)
Morales-Coronado, D.; Argentel-Martínez, L.; Castro-Espinoza, L.; Gutiérrez-Coronado, M.; Garibaldi-Chávez, J.; Ortiz-Enríquez, J. Global Warming Is Reducing the Tillering Capacity and Grain Yield of Wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico. Agron. Colomb. 2019, 37, 90-96.

ABNT

MORALES-CORONADO, D.; ARGENTEL-MARTÍNEZ, L.; CASTRO-ESPINOZA, L.; GUTIÉRREZ-CORONADO, M.; GARIBALDI-CHÁVEZ, J.; ORTIZ-ENRÍQUEZ, J. Global warming is reducing the tillering capacity and grain yield of wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico. Agronomía Colombiana, [S. l.], v. 37, n. 1, p. 90–96, 2019. DOI: 10.15446/agron.colomb.v37n1.75736. Disponível em: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/75736. Acesso em: 2 feb. 2023.

Chicago

Morales-Coronado, Denisse, Leandris Argentel-Martínez, Luciano Castro-Espinoza, Marco Gutiérrez-Coronado, Juan Garibaldi-Chávez, and José Ortiz-Enríquez. 2019. “Global Warming Is Reducing the Tillering Capacity and Grain Yield of Wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico”. Agronomía Colombiana 37 (1):90-96. https://doi.org/10.15446/agron.colomb.v37n1.75736.

Harvard

Morales-Coronado, D., Argentel-Martínez, L., Castro-Espinoza, L., Gutiérrez-Coronado, M., Garibaldi-Chávez, J. and Ortiz-Enríquez, J. (2019) “Global warming is reducing the tillering capacity and grain yield of wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico”, Agronomía Colombiana, 37(1), pp. 90–96. doi: 10.15446/agron.colomb.v37n1.75736.

IEEE

[1]
D. Morales-Coronado, L. Argentel-Martínez, L. Castro-Espinoza, M. Gutiérrez-Coronado, J. Garibaldi-Chávez, and J. Ortiz-Enríquez, “Global warming is reducing the tillering capacity and grain yield of wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico”, Agron. Colomb., vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 90–96, Jan. 2019.

MLA

Morales-Coronado, D., L. Argentel-Martínez, L. Castro-Espinoza, M. Gutiérrez-Coronado, J. Garibaldi-Chávez, and J. Ortiz-Enríquez. “Global Warming Is Reducing the Tillering Capacity and Grain Yield of Wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico”. Agronomía Colombiana, vol. 37, no. 1, Jan. 2019, pp. 90-96, doi:10.15446/agron.colomb.v37n1.75736.

Turabian

Morales-Coronado, Denisse, Leandris Argentel-Martínez, Luciano Castro-Espinoza, Marco Gutiérrez-Coronado, Juan Garibaldi-Chávez, and José Ortiz-Enríquez. “Global Warming Is Reducing the Tillering Capacity and Grain Yield of Wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico”. Agronomía Colombiana 37, no. 1 (January 1, 2019): 90–96. Accessed February 2, 2023. https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/75736.

Vancouver

1.
Morales-Coronado D, Argentel-Martínez L, Castro-Espinoza L, Gutiérrez-Coronado M, Garibaldi-Chávez J, Ortiz-Enríquez J. Global warming is reducing the tillering capacity and grain yield of wheat in Yaqui Valley, Mexico. Agron. Colomb. [Internet]. 2019 Jan. 1 [cited 2023 Feb. 2];37(1):90-6. Available from: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/75736

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