Publicado

2021-05-20

Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia

Efecto del índice de cosecha y la duración del almacenamiento sobre la calidad sensorial de aguacate Hass cultivado en Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15446/dyna.v88n217.87659

Palabras clave:

general quality;, Persea americana mill;, maturity;, sensory evaluation;, storage (en)
calidad general;, Persea americana mill;, madurez;, evaluación sensorial;, almacenamiento; (es)

Descargas

Autores/as

Currently Colombia does not have enough studies on avocado sensory quality. So, the aim of this work was to evaluate the harvest index and storage duration on avocado sensory quality. Avocado fruit were harvested from 5 farms in Antioquia. Sensory descriptors were evaluated on a scale from 0 to 5, and general quality (GQ) was evaluated from 0 to 3. Fruit with low GQ exhibit hard, wet, and fibrous textures; they taste green, astringent, spicy, sour, umami, and acid, and the odor is sour, green, and acid. Fruits have a low sensory quality at the beginning of the harvest season. As DM content increases, the sensory quality improves. Orchard location and fruit storage duration influenced its sensory descriptors and general quality.

Colombia actualmente no tiene estudios sobre calidad sensorial de aguacate. Por tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto del índice cosecha y almacenamiento sobre la calidad sensorial del aguacate. Los frutos se cosecharon de 5 fincas en Antioquia. Descriptores sensoriales fueron evaluados en un escalda de 0 a 5 y calidad general de 0 a 3. Frutos con baja calidad exhibieron textura húmeda, dura y fibrosa; sabor verde, astringente, picante, amargo, umami, ácido; olor amargo, verde y ácido. Al inicio de la cosecha los frutos tuvieron baja calidad sensorial. A medida que aumenta el contenido de DM, mejora la calidad sensorial. La ubicación del huerto y la duración del almacenamiento de la fruta influyeron en sus descriptores sensoriales y en la calidad general.

Referencias

CORPOHASS. Industria exportadora de aguacate Hass en Colombia. 14, pp 1-12, 2018.

Lee, S.K., Young, R.E., Schiffman, P.M. and Coggins C.W., Maturity studies of avocado fruit based on picking dates and dry weight. Journal American Society Horticultural Science. [online]. 108(3), pp. 390-394, 1983. [date of reference January 20th of 2020]. Available at: http://avocadosource.com/Journals/ASHS/ASHS_1983_108_PG_390-394.pdf

Carvalho, C.P., Velasquez, M.A. and Van Rooyen, Z., Determination of the minimum dry matter index for the optimum harvest of “Hass” avocado fruits in Colombia. Journal Agronomía Colombiana, 32(3), pp. 399-406, 2014. DOI: 10.15446/agron.colomb.v32n3.46031

Rodríguez, P., Henao, J.C., Correa, G. and Aristizabal A., Identification of harvest maturity indicators for “Hass” Avocado Adaptable to Field Conditions. Journal HortTechnology, 28(6), pp. 815-821, 2018. DOI:10.21273/HORTTECH04025-18.

Gamble, J., Harker, F.R., Jaeger, S.R., White, A., Bava, C., Beresford, M., Stubbings, B., Wohlers, M., Hofman, P.J., Marques, R. and Woolf, A., The impact of dry matter, ripeness, and internal defects on consumer perceptions of avocado quality and intentions to purchase. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 57(1). pp. 35-43, 2010. DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2010.01.001

Cañete M.L., Pérez-de los Cobos, R. and Hueso, J.J., Influence of harvest date on sensory quality attributes of avocado “Hass”. Journal Acta Horticulturae, (1194), pp. 1127-1132. 2018. DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1194.161.

Burdon, J., Connolly, P., de Silva, N., Lallu, N., Dixon, J. and Pak, H., A meta-analysis using a logit non-linear mixed effects model for “Hass” avocado postharvest performance data. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 86, pp 134-140, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.06.023.

Cañas, G.P., Arango, R. and Saldamando, C.I., Microsatellites revealed genetic diversity and population structure in Colombian avocado (Persea americana Mill) germplasm collection and its natural populations. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 11(4), pp. 106-119. 2019. DOI: 10.5897/jpbcs2018.0792

Bernal, J., Tamayo, A. and Díaz, C., Dynamics of leaf, flower and fruit abscission in avocado cv. Hass in Antioquia, Colombia. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas, 14(3), pp. 324-333, 2020. DOI: 10.17584/rcch.2020v14i3.10850

Tamayo-Vélez, V. and Osorio, N., Soil fertility improvement by litter decomposition and inoculation with the Fungus Mortierella sp. in avocado plantations of Colombia. Journal Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 49(2), pp. 139-147, 2008. DOI: 10.1080/00103624.2017.1417420.

Alcaraz, M.L., Thorp, T.G. and Hormaza, J.I., Phenological growth stages of avocado (Persea americana) according to the BBCH scale. Journal Scientia Horticulturae. 164, pp. 434-439. 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2013.09.051

American Organization of Analytical Chemists. Official method number 934.01. Loss on drying (moisture). 17th ed. AOAC Intl., Gaithersburg, MD, USA, 1998.

White, A., Woolf, A., Hofman, P. and Arpaia, M.L., The international avocado quality manual. Plant & Food Research. P-14. ISBN 0-478-06845-X, 2009.

International Organization for Standarization (ISO). Sensory analysis. Identification and selection of descriptors for establishing a sensory profile by a multidimensional approach. ISO. ISO 11035, Geneve, Swiss, 1994.

Arpaia, M.L., Collin, S., Sievert, J. and Obenland, D., Influence of cold storage prior to and after ripening on quality factors and sensory attributes of ‘Hass’ avocados. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 110, pp. 149-157, 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.07.016

Obenland, D., Collin, S., Sievert, J., Negm, F. and Arpaia, M.L., Influence of maturity and ripening on aroma volatiles and flavor in “Hass” avocado. Postharvest Biology Technology. 71, pp. 41-50, 2012. DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2012.03.006.

Gajewski, M. and Arasimowicz, D., Sensory quality of eggplant fruits (Solanummelongena L.) as affected by cultivar and maturity stage. Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, [online]. 13(3), pp. 249-254, 2004. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/ Gajewski-Marek-2/publication/267993040_Sensory_quality_of_ eggplant_fruits_Solanum_melongena_L_as_affected_by_cultivar_and_maturity_stage/links/58cba7fea6fdccdf531af916/Sensory-quality-of-eggplant-fruits-Solanum-melongena-L-as-affected-by-cultivar-and-maturity-stage.pdf

Zielinski, A.A.F., Haminiuk, C.W.I., Nunes, C.A., Schnitzler, E., Van Ruth, S.M. and Granato, D., Chemical composition, sensory properties, provenance, and bioactivity of fruit juices as assessed by chemometrics: a critical review and guideline. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 13(3), pp. 300-316, 2014. DOI: 10.1111/1541-4337.12060

Pedreschi, R., Muñoz, P., Robledo, P., Becerra, C., Defilippi, B.G., van Eekelen, H., Mumm, R., Westra, E. and De Vos, R.C.H., Metabolomics analysis of postharvest ripening heterogeneity of “Hass” avocadoes. Journal Postharvest Biology and Technology, 92, pp. 172-179, 2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2014.01.024

Mpai, S. and Sivakumar, D., Influence of growing seasons on metabolic composition, and fruit quality of avocado cultivars at ‘ready-to-eat stage.’ Scientia Horticulturae, 265, art. 109159, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2019.109159

Oliveira, I.F. and Bolini, H.M.A., Passion fruit juice with different sweeteners: sensory profile by descriptive analysis and acceptance. Journal Food Science and Nutrition, 3(2), pp. 129-139, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.195.

Yahia, E.M., Postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruits. In: Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, [online]. vol. 2, 2011. [date of reference May 16th of 2020]. Available at: DOI: 10.1533/9780857092762

Ferreyra, R., Sellés, G., Saavedra, J., Ortiz, J., Zúñiga, C., Troncoso, C., Rivera, S.A., González-Agüero, M. and Defilippi, B.G., Identification of pre-harvest factors that affect fatty acid profiles of avocado fruit(Persea americana Mill) cv. Hass at harvest. South African Journal of Botany, 104, pp. 15-20, 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb.2015.10.006

Marín-Obispo, L.M., Villarreal-Lara, R., Rodríguez-Sánchez, D.G., Del Follo-Martínez, A., Espíndola-Barquera, M. de la C., Jaramillo-de la Garza, J.S., Díaz-de la Garza, R.I. and Hernández-Brenes, C., Insights into drivers of liking for avocado pulp (Persea americana): integration of descriptive variables and predictive modeling. Foods, 10(1), pp. 1-27, 2021.DOI: 10.3390/foods10010099

Gavicho-Uarrota, V., Fuentealba, C., Hernández, I., Defilippi-Bruzzone, B., Meneses, C., Campos-Vargas, R., Lurie, S., Hertog, M., Carpentier, S., Poblete-Echeverría, C. and Pedreschi, R., Integration of proteomics and metabolomics data of early and middle season Hass avocados under heat treatment. Food Chemistry, 289, pp. 512-521, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.03.090

Campos, D., Teran-Hilares, F., Chirinos, R., Aguilar-Galvez, A., García-Ríos, D., Pacheco-Avalos, A. and Pedreschi, R., Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity from harvest to edible ripeness of avocado cv. Hass (Persea americana) throughout the harvest seasons. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 55(5), pp. 2208-2218, 2020. DOI: 10.1111/ijfs.14474

Cómo citar

IEEE

[1]
P. Rodriguez, O. Martínez, C. Ocampo, M. Ardila, y V. Escobar, «Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia», DYNA, vol. 88, n.º 217, pp. 131–139, may 2021.

ACM

[1]
Rodriguez, P., Martínez, O., Ocampo, C., Ardila, M. y Escobar, V. 2021. Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia. DYNA. 88, 217 (may 2021), 131–139. DOI:https://doi.org/10.15446/dyna.v88n217.87659.

ACS

(1)
Rodriguez, P.; Martínez, O.; Ocampo, C.; Ardila, M.; Escobar, V. Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia. DYNA 2021, 88, 131-139.

APA

Rodriguez, P., Martínez, O., Ocampo, C., Ardila, M., & Escobar, V. (2021). Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia. DYNA, 88(217), 131–139. https://doi.org/10.15446/dyna.v88n217.87659

ABNT

RODRIGUEZ, P.; MARTÍNEZ, O.; OCAMPO, C.; ARDILA, M.; ESCOBAR, V. Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia. DYNA, [S. l.], v. 88, n. 217, p. 131–139, 2021. DOI: 10.15446/dyna.v88n217.87659. Disponível em: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/dyna/article/view/87659. Acesso em: 27 ene. 2022.

Chicago

Rodriguez, Pablo, Olga Martínez, Carlos Ocampo, Maurem Ardila, y Victoria Escobar. 2021. «Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia». DYNA 88 (217):131-39. https://doi.org/10.15446/dyna.v88n217.87659.

Harvard

Rodriguez, P., Martínez, O., Ocampo, C., Ardila, M. y Escobar, V. (2021) «Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia», DYNA, 88(217), pp. 131–139. doi: 10.15446/dyna.v88n217.87659.

MLA

Rodriguez, P., O. Martínez, C. Ocampo, M. Ardila, y V. Escobar. «Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia». DYNA, vol. 88, n.º 217, mayo de 2021, pp. 131-9, doi:10.15446/dyna.v88n217.87659.

Turabian

Rodriguez, Pablo, Olga Martínez, Carlos Ocampo, Maurem Ardila, y Victoria Escobar. «Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia». DYNA 88, no. 217 (mayo 10, 2021): 131–139. Accedido enero 27, 2022. https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/dyna/article/view/87659.

Vancouver

1.
Rodriguez P, Martínez O, Ocampo C, Ardila M, Escobar V. Effect of harvest index and storage duration on sensory quality of Hass avocado grown in Colombia. DYNA [Internet]. 10 de mayo de 2021 [citado 27 de enero de 2022];88(217):131-9. Disponible en: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/dyna/article/view/87659

Descargar cita

CrossRef Cited-by

CrossRef citations0

Dimensions

PlumX

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Visitas a la página del resumen del artículo

122