Published

2021-08-02

Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy

Modelo de empoderamiento psicológico basado en ecuaciones estructurales para predecir la autonomía

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15446/rcp.v30n2.82149

Keywords:

Psychological empowerment, autonomy, assertiveness, locus of control, self-esteem, structural equations model (en)
Empoderamiento psicológico, autonomía, asertividad, locus de control, autoestima, modelo de ecuaciones estructurales. (es)

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The study relies on the assumption that one of the main effects of phycological empowerment composed by attributes like self-esteem, locus of control, and assertiveness, is increased autonomy. The theoretical arguments are tested based on a structural equation model that allows estimating hypothetical relationships simultaneously. Additionally, differences in means between women and men are estimated for each phycological variable and the hypothetical model is tested separately to both sexes. 1,569 people (56% women) from five Mexican States compose the sample. The average age is 29 years and 59% of the sample has college degrees. The results suggest that psychological empowerment is strongly related to autonomy.

 

How to cite this article: Muñoz-Márquez, C. E., Morales Barrera, R., & Domínguez Espinosa, A. del C. (2021). Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy. Revista Colombiana de Psicología30(2), 55-69. Retrieved from https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/psicologia/article/view/82149

Este trabajo parte del supuesto de que uno de los principales efectos del empoderamiento psicológico es el incremento de la autonomía, y que atributos como la autoestima, el locus de control y la asertividad lo constituyen. Con base en ello,
se probaron ambos planteamientos teóricos a través de un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales, ya que la técnica permite estimar relaciones hipotéticas simultáneamente. Asimismo, se estimaron las diferencias en las medias de cada una de
las variables psicológicas entre mujeres y hombres y se probó el mismo modelo hipotético de forma separada para cada sexo. La muestra la conforman 1,569 personas (56% son mujeres) de cinco entidades federativas de México, la edad promedio es de 29 años y el 59% cuentan con estudios universitarios. Los resultados sugieren que el empoderamiento psicológico tiene una fuerte relación con la autonomía.

Los valores de los índices mostraron evidencia de ajuste satisfactorio (X2(19, N=1,569)= 249.80, p< .001; GFI=.90; CFI=.94; SRMR=.04; RMSEA=.08). Estos resultados son consistentes con la teoría presentada, lo que sugiere que las personas con mayor autoestima, locus de control y asertividad tienen mayores probabilidades de empoderarse y, como resultado, tienen una mayor probabilidad de ser más autónomas.

 

Cómo citar este artículo: Muñoz-Márquez, C. E., Morales Barrera, R., & Domínguez Espinosa, A. del C. (2021). Modelo de empoderamiento psicológico basado en ecuaciones estructurales para predecir la autonomía. Revista Colombiana de Psicología30(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/psicologia/article/view/82149

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How to Cite

APA

Muñoz-Márquez, C. E., Morales Barrera, R., & Domínguez Espinosa, A. del C. (2021). Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy. Revista Colombiana de Psicología, 30(2), 55-69. https://doi.org/10.15446/rcp.v30n2.82149

ACM

[1]
Muñoz-Márquez, C.E., Morales Barrera, R. and Domínguez Espinosa, A. del C. 2021. Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy. Revista Colombiana de Psicología. 30, 2 (Aug. 2021), 55-69. DOI:https://doi.org/10.15446/rcp.v30n2.82149.

ACS

(1)
Muñoz-Márquez, C. E.; Morales Barrera, R.; Domínguez Espinosa, A. del C. Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy. Rev. colomb. psicol. 2021, 30, 55-69.

ABNT

MUÑOZ-MÁRQUEZ, C. E.; MORALES BARRERA, R.; DOMÍNGUEZ ESPINOSA, A. del C. Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy. Revista Colombiana de Psicología, [S. l.], v. 30, n. 2, p. 55-69, 2021. DOI: 10.15446/rcp.v30n2.82149. Disponível em: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/psicologia/article/view/82149. Acesso em: 3 dec. 2021.

Chicago

Muñoz-Márquez, Clara Edith, Raquel Morales Barrera, and Alejandra del Carmen Domínguez Espinosa. 2021. “Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy”. Revista Colombiana de Psicología 30 (2):55-69. https://doi.org/10.15446/rcp.v30n2.82149.

Harvard

Muñoz-Márquez, C. E., Morales Barrera, R. and Domínguez Espinosa, A. del C. (2021) “Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy”, Revista Colombiana de Psicología, 30(2), pp. 55-69. doi: 10.15446/rcp.v30n2.82149.

IEEE

[1]
C. E. Muñoz-Márquez, R. Morales Barrera, and A. del C. Domínguez Espinosa, “Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy”, Rev. colomb. psicol., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 55-69, Aug. 2021.

MLA

Muñoz-Márquez, C. E., R. Morales Barrera, and A. del C. Domínguez Espinosa. “Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy”. Revista Colombiana de Psicología, vol. 30, no. 2, Aug. 2021, pp. 55-69, doi:10.15446/rcp.v30n2.82149.

Turabian

Muñoz-Márquez, Clara Edith, Raquel Morales Barrera, and Alejandra del Carmen Domínguez Espinosa. “Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy”. Revista Colombiana de Psicología 30, no. 2 (August 2, 2021): 55-69. Accessed December 3, 2021. https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/psicologia/article/view/82149.

Vancouver

1.
Muñoz-Márquez CE, Morales Barrera R, Domínguez Espinosa A del C. Model of Psychological Empowerment Based on Structural Equations for Predicting Autonomy. Rev. colomb. psicol. [Internet]. 2021Aug.2 [cited 2021Dec.3];30(2):55-69. Available from: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/psicologia/article/view/82149

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