Published

2012-01-01

Growth and development of the cupuaçu fruit (Theobroma grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the western colombian Amazon

Keywords:

ángulo Hue (H*), índice de madurez, modelo logístico, intensidad respiratoria. (es)

Authors

  • Claudia Estella Hernández Londoño Universidad de la Amazonia, Florencia, Caquetá and Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos (ICTA), Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota
  • María Soledad Hernández Gómez Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas (Sinchi) and Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos (ICTA), Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Studies of growth and optimal harvest time of cupuaçu are vital to ensure fruit quality and reduce post-harvest losses. This studied looked at growth and fruit development of cupuaçu from fruit set to ripening. The measurements analyzed included diameter (longitudinal and equatorial), fresh and dry weight, color, pH, titratable acidity (TA), total soluble solids (TSS) and respiratory rate (RR). Three sigmoid states were observed during fruit growth: cell division (S1), maximum growth (S2), which corresponds to cell expansion and growth stabilization and maturation (S3). The time between fruit set and physiological maturity was 117 days. The cupuaçu fruit reached physiological maturity when it showed changes in pulp color (H* = 97.1±1.8°), which coincided with a TSS of about 5.7±0.8°Brix, which were a good index of maturity along with days after fruit set. The respiration pattern of the cupuaçu fruit was climacteric, with a peak of 156.24±42.5 mg CO2 kg-1 h-1 124 days after fruit set. No ethylene was detected before harvest, but was detected in some fruits postharvest.

How to Cite

APA

Hernández Londoño, C. E., & Hernández Gómez, M. S. (2012). Growth and development of the cupuaçu fruit (Theobroma grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the western colombian Amazon. Agronomía Colombiana, 30(1), 95–102. Retrieved from https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/15602

ACM

[1]
Hernández Londoño, C.E. and Hernández Gómez, M.S. 2012. Growth and development of the cupuaçu fruit (Theobroma grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the western colombian Amazon. Agronomía Colombiana. 30, 1 (Jan. 2012), 95–102.

ACS

(1)
Hernández Londoño, C. E.; Hernández Gómez, M. S. Growth and Development of the cupuaçu Fruit (Theobroma Grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the Western Colombian Amazon. Agron. Colomb. 2012, 30, 95-102.

ABNT

HERNÁNDEZ LONDOÑO, C. E.; HERNÁNDEZ GÓMEZ, M. S. Growth and development of the cupuaçu fruit (Theobroma grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the western colombian Amazon. Agronomía Colombiana, [S. l.], v. 30, n. 1, p. 95–102, 2012. Disponível em: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/15602. Acesso em: 2 feb. 2023.

Chicago

Hernández Londoño, Claudia Estella, and María Soledad Hernández Gómez. 2012. “Growth and Development of the cupuaçu Fruit (Theobroma Grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the Western Colombian Amazon”. Agronomía Colombiana 30 (1):95-102. https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/15602.

Harvard

Hernández Londoño, C. E. and Hernández Gómez, M. S. (2012) “Growth and development of the cupuaçu fruit (Theobroma grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the western colombian Amazon”, Agronomía Colombiana, 30(1), pp. 95–102. Available at: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/15602 (Accessed: 2 February 2023).

IEEE

[1]
C. E. Hernández Londoño and M. S. Hernández Gómez, “Growth and development of the cupuaçu fruit (Theobroma grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the western colombian Amazon”, Agron. Colomb., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 95–102, Jan. 2012.

MLA

Hernández Londoño, C. E., and M. S. Hernández Gómez. “Growth and Development of the cupuaçu Fruit (Theobroma Grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the Western Colombian Amazon”. Agronomía Colombiana, vol. 30, no. 1, Jan. 2012, pp. 95-102, https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/15602.

Turabian

Hernández Londoño, Claudia Estella, and María Soledad Hernández Gómez. “Growth and Development of the cupuaçu Fruit (Theobroma Grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the Western Colombian Amazon”. Agronomía Colombiana 30, no. 1 (January 1, 2012): 95–102. Accessed February 2, 2023. https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/15602.

Vancouver

1.
Hernández Londoño CE, Hernández Gómez MS. Growth and development of the cupuaçu fruit (Theobroma grandiflorum [Willd. Ex Spreng.] Schum.) in the western colombian Amazon. Agron. Colomb. [Internet]. 2012 Jan. 1 [cited 2023 Feb. 2];30(1):95-102. Available from: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/15602

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