Publicado

2019-07-01

Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?

¿Existe una relación entre la educación y los comportamientos riesgosos para la salud en Colombia?

Existe alguma relação entre a educação e os comportamentos de risco para a saúde na Colômbia?

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15446/cuad.econ.v38n77.65556

Palabras clave:

Education, risky health behaviors, logit, Colombia (en)
educación, comportamientos riesgosos para la salud, logit, Colombia (es)
educação, comportamentos de risco para a saúde, logit, Colômbia (pt)

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Autores/as

This paper uses the National Health Survey to analyze the relationship between education and risky health behaviors, namely smoking, heavy drinking, obesity, and unsafe sexual behavior, by estimating the education gradient. We also provide evidence on the effect of education, socio-economic and knowledge variables on these health behaviors by gender and area of residence. The results indicate that there is a negative and significant effect of years of schooling on the probability of smoking, whereas the probability of heavy drinking and unsafe sexual behaviors increase with education, highlighting the importance of social and cultural factors.

Este artículo utiliza la Encuesta Nacional de Salud para analizar la relación entre educación y comportamientos riesgosos para la salud, como fumar, tomar en exceso, ser obeso y tener comportamientos sexuales riesgosos, estimando el gradiente de la educación. Se proporciona evidencia sobre el efecto de la educación, y de variables socioeconómicas y de conocimiento por género y área de residencia. Los resultados indican que existe un efecto negativo y significativo de la educación en la probabilidad de fumar mientras que la probabilidad de beber en exceso y de tener comportamientos sexuales riesgosos aumenta con la educación, destacando la importancia de factores sociales y culturales.

Este artigo utiliza a Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde para analisar a relação entre a educação e os comportamentos de risco para a saúde, como fumar, beber em excesso, a obesidade e ter comportamentos sexuais de risco, estimando o gradiente de escolaridade. São fornecidas evidências sobre o efeito da educação e das variáveis socio-econômicas e de conhecimento por gênero e área de residência. Os resultados indicam que há um efeito negativo e significativo da educação sobre a probabilidade de fumar, enquanto a probabilidade de beber em excesso e de ter comportamentos sexuais de risco aumenta com a educação, destacando a importância de fatores sociais e culturais.

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Cómo citar

APA

Iregui-Bohórquez, A. M., Melo-Becerra, L. A. y Ramírez-Giraldo, M. T. (2019). Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?. Cuadernos de Economía, 38(77), 365–397. https://doi.org/10.15446/cuad.econ.v38n77.65556

ACM

[1]
Iregui-Bohórquez, A.M., Melo-Becerra, L.A. y Ramírez-Giraldo, M.T. 2019. Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?. Cuadernos de Economía. 38, 77 (jul. 2019), 365–397. DOI:https://doi.org/10.15446/cuad.econ.v38n77.65556.

ACS

(1)
Iregui-Bohórquez, A. M.; Melo-Becerra, L. A.; Ramírez-Giraldo, M. T. Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?. Cuad. Econ. 2019, 38, 365-397.

ABNT

IREGUI-BOHÓRQUEZ, A. M.; MELO-BECERRA, L. A.; RAMÍREZ-GIRALDO, M. T. Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?. Cuadernos de Economía, [S. l.], v. 38, n. 77, p. 365–397, 2019. DOI: 10.15446/cuad.econ.v38n77.65556. Disponível em: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/ceconomia/article/view/65556. Acesso em: 6 oct. 2022.

Chicago

Iregui-Bohórquez, Ana María, Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra, y María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo. 2019. «Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?». Cuadernos De Economía 38 (77):365-97. https://doi.org/10.15446/cuad.econ.v38n77.65556.

Harvard

Iregui-Bohórquez, A. M., Melo-Becerra, L. A. y Ramírez-Giraldo, M. T. (2019) «Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?», Cuadernos de Economía, 38(77), pp. 365–397. doi: 10.15446/cuad.econ.v38n77.65556.

IEEE

[1]
A. M. Iregui-Bohórquez, L. A. Melo-Becerra, y M. T. Ramírez-Giraldo, «Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?», Cuad. Econ., vol. 38, n.º 77, pp. 365–397, jul. 2019.

MLA

Iregui-Bohórquez, A. M., L. A. Melo-Becerra, y M. T. Ramírez-Giraldo. «Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?». Cuadernos de Economía, vol. 38, n.º 77, julio de 2019, pp. 365-97, doi:10.15446/cuad.econ.v38n77.65556.

Turabian

Iregui-Bohórquez, Ana María, Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra, y María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo. «Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?». Cuadernos de Economía 38, no. 77 (julio 1, 2019): 365–397. Accedido octubre 6, 2022. https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/ceconomia/article/view/65556.

Vancouver

1.
Iregui-Bohórquez AM, Melo-Becerra LA, Ramírez-Giraldo MT. Is there a relationship between schooling and risky health behaviors in Colombia?. Cuad. Econ. [Internet]. 1 de julio de 2019 [citado 6 de octubre de 2022];38(77):365-97. Disponible en: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/ceconomia/article/view/65556

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