Publicado

2018-01-01

Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura

SMEs’ Internationalization in The American Continent: A Literature Review

Internacionalización de pymes en el continente americano: revisión de la literatura

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15446/innovar.v28n67.68613

Palabras clave:

América do Norte, América Latina, internacionalização, pme, revisão da literatura (pt)
Internationalization, smes, literature review, North America, Latin America (en)
Internacionalización, pymes, revisión de la literatura, América del Norte, América Latina (es)

Autores/as

dado o interesse premente, não só da comunidade académica como do mundo empresarial, sobre a internacionalização das empresas, esta investigação faz uma revisão da literatura empírica sobre a internacionalização de Pequenas e Médias Empresas (PME) no continente americano, a partir das principais bases de dados académicas. Partindo de um conjunto de 329 artigos, este estudo analisa em pormenor 39 destes, entre 1999 e 2014, contribuindo significativamente para o desenvolvimento do conhecimento e da compreensão da investigação feita até à data nesta área. Com esta análise, foram identificadas tendências e padrões, podendo concluir-se que a investigação feita sobre a internacionalização de PME centra-se nos Estados Unidos e no Canadá, influenciada sobretudo por quatro grandes tópicos: teorias da internacionalização, estratégia, desempenho e perspetiva internacional. Conclui-se igualmente que há uma predominância quantitativa. As conclusões e interpretações sobre oportunidades para futuras investigações são de relevância tanto para a comunidade académica como para a empresarial.

Considering the pressing interest of the academic community and the business world over the internationalization of Small and Medium- sized Enterprises (smes), this research is aimed to review the empirical literature about smes’ internationalization processes in the American continent, according to information included in the main academic databases. This study makes an in-depth analysis of 39 papers (out of a group of 329) published between 1999 and 2014, contributing to the construction of knowledge and the understanding of research in this field. This work allowed identifying patterns and trends, as well as concluding that smes’ internationalization research is USA-and-Canada-centered and is largely influenced by four main topics: internationalization theories, strategy, performance and international perspectives. According to the results, it is also concluded that research studies have mainly followed a quantitative approach. Conclusions and interpretations of opportunities for future research are important for both the academic community and the business world.

Dado el gran interés de la comunidad académica y el mundo empresarial sobre la internacionalización de las pequeñas y medianas empresas (pymes), esta investigación tiene como objetivo revisar la literatura empírica sobre la internacionalización de las pymes en el continente americano, a partir de las principales bases de datos académicas. Partiendo de un conjunto de 329 artículos, este estudio examina en detalle 39 artículos entre 1999 y 2014, lo que contribuye significativamente al desarrollo del conocimiento y la comprensión de la investigación realizada hasta la fecha en este ámbito. Con este análisis se han identificado tendencias y patrones, y se concluye que la investigación realizada sobre la internacionalización de pymes se centra en los EE. UU. y Canadá, influenciada principalmente en cuatro temas principales: las teorías de la internacionalización, estrategia, desempeño y perspectiva internacional. Igualmente, se concluye que las investigaciones han seguido un predominio cuantitativo. Las conclusiones e interpretaciones de oportunidades para futuras investigaciones son relevantes tanto para la comunidad académica como para el mundo empresarial.

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Cómo citar

APA

Pires Ribau, C., Carrizo Moreira, A. y Raposo, M. (2018). Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura. Innovar, 28(67), 59–73. https://doi.org/10.15446/innovar.v28n67.68613

ACM

[1]
Pires Ribau, C., Carrizo Moreira, A. y Raposo, M. 2018. Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura. Innovar. 28, 67 (ene. 2018), 59–73. DOI:https://doi.org/10.15446/innovar.v28n67.68613.

ACS

(1)
Pires Ribau, C.; Carrizo Moreira, A.; Raposo, M. Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura. Innovar 2018, 28, 59-73.

ABNT

PIRES RIBAU, C.; CARRIZO MOREIRA, A.; RAPOSO, M. Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura. Innovar, [S. l.], v. 28, n. 67, p. 59–73, 2018. DOI: 10.15446/innovar.v28n67.68613. Disponível em: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/innovar/article/view/68613. Acesso em: 13 jun. 2024.

Chicago

Pires Ribau, Cláudia, António Carrizo Moreira, y Mário Raposo. 2018. «Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura». Innovar 28 (67):59-73. https://doi.org/10.15446/innovar.v28n67.68613.

Harvard

Pires Ribau, C., Carrizo Moreira, A. y Raposo, M. (2018) «Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura», Innovar, 28(67), pp. 59–73. doi: 10.15446/innovar.v28n67.68613.

IEEE

[1]
C. Pires Ribau, A. Carrizo Moreira, y M. Raposo, «Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura», Innovar, vol. 28, n.º 67, pp. 59–73, ene. 2018.

MLA

Pires Ribau, C., A. Carrizo Moreira, y M. Raposo. «Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura». Innovar, vol. 28, n.º 67, enero de 2018, pp. 59-73, doi:10.15446/innovar.v28n67.68613.

Turabian

Pires Ribau, Cláudia, António Carrizo Moreira, y Mário Raposo. «Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura». Innovar 28, no. 67 (enero 1, 2018): 59–73. Accedido junio 13, 2024. https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/innovar/article/view/68613.

Vancouver

1.
Pires Ribau C, Carrizo Moreira A, Raposo M. Internacionalização de PME no Continente Americano: Revisão da Literatura. Innovar [Internet]. 1 de enero de 2018 [citado 13 de junio de 2024];28(67):59-73. Disponible en: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/innovar/article/view/68613

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